Sanskrit with its roots in ancient India is the most ancient language among the great languages of the world. It goes back 3,500 years. The world's earliest literature is written in Sanskrit. It is the primary language of Hinduism and the predominant language of most Hindu philosophy and many texts of Buddhism and Jainism. It is widely used as a ceremonial and ritual language in Hinduism and some Buddhist hymns and chants. Sanskrit is an important part of Hindu journals, festivals, drama, and rituals.
In India, Sanskrit one of the country's 22 official languages. In 2010, Uttarakhand became the first state in India to make Sanskrit its second official language. The second state to do so was Himachal Pradesh in 2019. In the 2011 census, 24,821 people out of about 1.21 billion reported Sanskrit to be their first language.
More than 90 periodicals are published in Sanskrit including Sudharma, a daily newspaper. With government support and encouragement, schools and universities are including the study of Sanskrit in their curriculum. Sanskrit is an advanced language that can help learners improve their grammar, syntax, and vocabulary. In addition, Sanskrit helps the learner to grow in knowledge by reading ancient historical and religious texts and tales.
Sanskrit is called the "mother of all languages" and was the first to grow from a spoken language to a written language. The language spread from India to China where Sanskrit is credited to be the source of their regional tongues.
Reputed universities teaching Sanskrit in India
The Government of India lists universities that offer courses in Sanskrit on this page. Included are Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan Deemed University headquartered in Delhi with campuses throughout India and Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha in Tirupati. Both on-campus and on-line courses in Sanskrit are available.
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